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Medical Dictionary - Directional


TermDefinitionPronunciation
A&Dascending & descending
A-Panterior-posterior
AALanterior axillary line
ab-away from
ad-toward, increase
AEabove elbow
AKabove the knee
ambi-both, both sides, around
ana-up, apart, again
ant.anterior
ante-forward, before
anter/ofront
anteriorfrontan-tēr´e-or
apo-separate, away from
BEbelow elbow
bilatbilateral
BKbelow the knee
cata-down
circum-around
cis-on the same side, on the near side
contra-against, opposite
deepBelow the surface of the skin or within body cavity or limbs.
dextr/oright
dis-twice, apart, not
dist/odistant, far
distalfarthest from the origindis´tal
dors/oback of body
dorsumtop of the footdor´sum
ecto-out, outward
en-in, within
endo-within
epi-above, on, following
eso-inward
ex-out, away from
exo-outside, outward
extexterior
extra-outside of, beyond
fore-before, in front
frontal coronal planeSeparates the body's anterior and posterior
ICSintercostal space
inf.inferior
inferiorbelow
infra-below, down, under
inter-between
ipsi-same
juxta-near, close
L&Rleft & right
latlateral
later/oside
lateralAway from the body's midline
LElower extremity
levo-left
LLEleft lower extremity
LLLleft lower lobe
LLQleft lower quadrant
LUEleft upper extremity
LULleft upper lobe
LUQleft upper quadrant
medi/omiddle
medialToward the body's midlineme´de-al
P-Aposteroanterior
peri-around, surrounding
post-after, behind, back
post.posterior
posteriorbackpos-tēr´e-or
pre-before, in front of
proneLying on the abdomenprōn
pros/oforward, anterior
prox.proximal
proxim/onearest
proximalNearest to the point of attachment to the trunkprok´sĭ-mal
retro-backward
RLEright lower extremity
RLLright lower lobe
RLQright lower quadrant
RUEright upper extremity
RULright upper lobe
RUQright upper quadrant
sagittal planeseparates the body's left and right sectionssaj´ĭ-tal
sinistr/oleft
sub-under, below
sup.superior
super-above, beyond
superficialnear the surface
superiorabove
supinationThe condition of being supine. Alternatively, the act of turning the hand so that the palm is up.
supinelying face up
supra-above, upward
tel/ocomplete, end
trans-across, through
transverse horizontal planeseparates the body's upper and lower sections
UEupper extremity
ventr/ofront, belly side
ventralPertaining to the belly or front of the body.