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Medical Word Parts For: g

Word PartDefinitionCategory
µgmicrogram
ggram
gaitManner or style of walking. General
galact/omilkreproductive
galactorrheaInappropriate lactation.reproductive
galactoseOne of the two simple sugars in the protein, lactose, found in milk. The other sugar is glucose.Reproductive
gallbladderA reservoir for bile located under the right lobe of the liver.Digestive
gallopA third heart sound that resembles the sound of a galloping horse.Cardiovascular
gallstoneA hard mass that precipitates in the biliary tract, usually in the gallbladder.Digestive
gam-marriage, sexual uniongeneral
gameteA mature sex cell.Reproductive
ganglionA structure containing an aggregation of nerve cell bodies located in the peripheral nervous system.Nervous
ganglion cystSwelling or tumor on a joint or tendon sheath due to trauma.muscular
ganglion/oganglionnervous
ganglioneuromaA benign neoplasm that usually arises from the sympathetic trunk in the mediastinum. General
gangreneDeath and putrefaction of tissue usually due to a loss of blood supply. General
garggargle
gastr/ostomachdigestive
gastralgiaPain in the stomach or abdomendigestive
gastrectomyExcision of part or all of the stomach.Digestive
gastricPertaining to the stomach.Digestive
gastric absorptionUptake of substances via the stomach. Digestive
gastritisThe painful inflammation of the stomach's lining.digestive
gastroenteritisInflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.digestive
gastroenterologyA subspecialty of medicine concerned with diseases of the digestive system and related structures including the esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. Digestive
gastrointestinal tractGenerally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the mouth to anus, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (liver; biliary tract; pancreas). Digestive
gastroparesisChronic delayed gastric emptying. Digestive
gastrostomyCreation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastrointestinal compression.digestive
gavageForced feeding a patient especially through a tube passed into the stomachDigestive
GBgallbladder digestive
GCgonorrheareproductive
GDMgestational diabetes mellitus reproductive
ge/osoilgeneral
gel/oto freeze, congealgeneral
gemell/otwinsgeneral
gemin-double, twinGeneral
-genproducing, origingeneral
gen/oto become, being born, producinggeneral
geneA unit of inheritance carrying a single trait occupying a certain location on a chromosome. Reproductive
-genesisformation, developmentgeneral
geneticPertaining to reproduction or to birth or origin.Reproductive
geni/ochinskeletal
-genicproducing, origingeneral
genit/oreproductionreproductive
genitaliaThe male and female reproductive organs.reproductive
genocideThe deliberate annihilation of a national, ethnic, or religious group.General
genomeThe complete set of genes in the chromosomes of each cell. The human genome contains an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 genes.General
genomicsThe systematic study of the complete DNA sequences (genome) of organisms. General
genotypeThe genetic constitution of the individual.General
genuKnee.Skeletal
genu varumAn outward slant of the thigh in which the knees are wide apart and the ankles close together.Skeletal
ger/oold agegeneral
GERDgastroesophageal reflux disease digestive
geriatricsThe branch of health care concerned with aging and diseases of the elderly.General
germAny microorganism, particularly one that causes disease.General
germinationThe early stages of the growth of seeds. The embryonic shoot and embryonic plant roots emerge.General
germinomaA neoplasm of the germinal tissue of gonads, mediastinum, or pineal region.General
gest/oto bearreproductive
gestaltA physical, mental or symbolic configuration where whole differs from, or is greater than, the sum of its parts.General
gestationThe time period of development from fertilization to birth.Reproductive
gestureA movement that helps express a feeling, idea, intention or opinion.General
GFRglomerular filtration rate urinary
GHgrowth hormone endocrine
GIgastrointestinal digestive
giardiasisAn intestinal infection caused by the protozoan Giardia lamblia. It is spread via contaminated food and water and by direct person-to-person contact. General
giga-billiongeneral
gigant/ohugegeneral
gigantismAbnormal growth due to an excess of growth hormone during childhood.endocrine
gingiv/ogumsdigestive
gingivaOral tissue surrounding and attached to teeth. Gum.General
gingivitisInflammation of gum tissue.digestive
glabellaThe area between the eyebrows immediately above the nose.General
glandersA chronic bacterial infection of horses occasionally transmitted to humans.General
glandular feverInfectious mononucleosis. General
glareA bright, dazzling light which produces discomfort and impairs vision.Eyes And Ears
glasgow coma scaleA scale for measuring level of consciousness, especially after craniocerebral injuryNervous
glaucomaA disease that damages the optic nerve. Often caused by abnormally high pressure in the eye.eyes and ears
gleason scoreA method of classifying malignancy of prostate cancers.Digestive
glenoid cavityA depression in the lateral angle of the scapula that articulates with the head of the humerus. Skeletal
gli/oglue-likenervous
-globincontaining proteincardiovascular
globulinAny of a class of proteins that are found in blood plasma, milk and muscle that are insoluble in pure water but soluble in dilute salt solutionsGeneral
globusA sphere. A spherical structure.Skeletal
glomerul/oglomerulusurinary
glomerulusA small tuft of blood capillaries in the kidney that is an integral part of the nephron, the basic unit of the kidney. Urinary
gloss/otonguedigestive
glossitisInflammation of the tongue. Digestive
glottisThe vocal apparatus of the larynx, situated in the middle section of the larynx. Respiratory
glucagonA peptide hormone produced in the pancreas that opposes insulin.endocrine
gluco-relating to glucoseendocrine
glucoseSugar in the blood that supplies energy to cells.endocrine
glyc/oglucose, sugarendocrine
glycemic indexA numerical system of measuring the rate of blood glucose generation from a particular food item.Digestive
glycemic loadA quantitative value of a measured amount of a specific food that is equal to the glycemic index of that food multiplied by the carbohydrate content of that food. Digestive
glycineA non-essential amino acid that is a major component of gelatin and silk fibroin. It used therapeutically as a nutrient.Digestive
glycosuriaThe appearance of an abnormally amount of glucose in the urine.Urinary
gmgram
gnath-jaw, cheekskeletal
gnos/oknowledgenervous
GnRHgonadotropin-releasing hormone endocrine
goiterEnlargement of the thyroid gland causing a swelling in the front part of the neck.Endocrine
gon-seed, genitalreproductive
gonad/osex glandsreproductive
gonadalPertaining to or arising from a gonad.Reproductive
gonadsThe sex glands, ovary or testis. Reproductive
goni/oangleskeletal
gonorrheaA sexually transmitted bacterial disease, mostly seen in young adults.reproductive
gout Acute arthritis that causes severe pain and swelling in the joints due to the accumulation of urate crystals.Skeletal
GPgeneral practitioner
grgrain
-gradestep, degree in a scalegeneral
graftAny tissue or organ for transplantation.General
-gramrecording, metric unit of weightgeneral
gram stainA method of staining bacteria, which is important in their identification.General
granul/osmall graingeneral
granulation tissueA vascular connective tissue formed on the surface of a healing wound, ulcer, or inflamed tissue. It consists of new capillaries and an infiltrate containing lymphoid cells, macrophages, and plasma cells. General
granulomaA clump of cells that forms when the immune system fights harmful substance but cannot remove it from the body. Often foreign bodies stimulate these cells.integumentary
-graphinstrument that recordsgeneral
-graphyprocess of recordingnervous
gravgravidareproductive
Graves diseaseAn immune disease that causes hyperthyroidism.endocrine
gravid/opregnancyreproductive
-gravidapregnantreproductive
gravidityPregnant.Reproductive
groinThe external junctural region between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh. General
GSWgunshot wound general
GTTglucose tolerance test endocrine
GUgenitourinary urinary
guaifenesinAn expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations. General
Guillain-Barre syndromeA disorder in which the immune system attacks the nerves. A rare disease, usually preceded by a viral infectionnervous
guttaOne drop.General
GVHDgraft-versus-host disease lymphatic
GXTgraded exercise testgeneral
GYNgynecology reproductive
gynec/owoman, femalereproductive
gynecologyThe branch of medicine dealing with diseases unique to women, especially those of the genital tract and breasts.Reproductive
gynecomastiaNon-cancerous swelling of the breast tissue in males due to an imbalance of hormones. Common in pre-adolescence, benign and self-limiting.endocrine
gyno-womanreproductive
gyr-ring, circleSkeletal

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